The study only includes participants who were unvaccinated at the time of their COVID infection because it was conducted in 2020. However, the study’s authors assert that it can still be used to assess potential outbreaks given the sheer number of patients who contracted the illness in the initial wave. According to new research, unvaccinated COVID patients have a higher risk of dying and developing the cardiovascular disease for at least 18 months after contracting the virus.
The results come from a study that included more than 160,000 people conducted during the first year of the coronavirus pandemic before vaccines were made available. It was discovered that people who contracted the illness between March and November 2020 had up to 81 times higher risk of passing away within the first three weeks of infection. And a year and a half later, they were still five times more likely to die than those who were not infected.
Unvaccinated COVID patients 'at greater risk of death' for at least 18 months after infection https://t.co/vhxQOh0Ddt
— Sky News (@SkyNews) January 19, 2023
Up to 18 months after infection, patients also had a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease, which researchers say is a component of long COVID. Deep vein thrombosis, heart failure, and coronary heart disease were among them. According to research, patients with COVID should be followed up on for at least a year after their recovery.
Covid Current Study?
Through UK Biobank, a sizable biomedical database that houses enormous amounts of health data on half a million participants across the nation, more than 7,500 COVID patients were found for the study. Each patient was matched with a historical cohort from back in 2018 and with up to 10 individuals who did not contract COVID during the first 18 months of the outbreak.
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The uninfected participants were chosen because they shared characteristics with the coronavirus victims, including an average age of 66 in all three groups and nearly equal proportions of men and women. “The historical control cohort was included to rule out the effect of routine health care services being reduced or canceled during the pandemic, which led to worsening health and increased mortality even in uninfected people,” said Professor Ian Wong, the study’s lead author.
Carried Out Result Of COVID
Medical data were followed for outcomes including heart failure and heart attack, stroke, mortality from cardiovascular disease, and all-cause death. People who have encountered heart illness before were omitted from the analysis. Researchers then compared the number of infected persons who got an illness, or who died, with how many uninfected people did.
Within three weeks of infection and 40% more probable within the next 18 months, severe cardiovascular disease was shown to be four times more likely to occur in COVID patients. Those who had severe COVID were significantly more likely to acquire a disease or die at the same timeframe. The results were released in the European Society of Cardiology journal Cardiovascular Research.
What Huge Impact Of COVID On The Risk Of Heart Disease?
According to Professor Hector Bueno, ESC spokesperson, the peer-reviewed study recommended that coronavirus patients should be kept under close observation for cardiovascular illness. “COVID-19 has had a significant impact on people with cardiovascular illness,” he continued. “These patients were less likely to receive the best care possible throughout the pandemic and more likely to pass away from the virus.”
Although the study was conducted in 2020, Professor Wong said that it should still be applied to analyze upcoming epidemics due to the overwhelming number of persons who contracted COVID before receiving a vaccination. Professor Wong stated that additional research was required to assess the effect of vaccinations on the risk of cardiovascular disease in COVID patients. COVID vaccines are proven to significantly reduce the likelihood of contracting the virus and of a bad result for those who do.
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